Do you often have trouble falling asleep or staying asleep through the night? Do you wake up frequently at night? Do you wake up tired in the morning and feel tired all the time even when you get enough sleep? If the answer to any of these questions is yes, you could have a sleeping disorder.Occasional sleeping problems are normal. Everyone has an occasional restless night and this is not a problem. But if the problems falling asleep or staying asleep are often repeated they can become a real health disorder and you need to treat this issue properly.
There are four main categories or types of sleep problems which group over one hundred sleep disorders. These categories are:
Insomnia is a disorder that makes it hard to fall asleep or to stay asleep throughout the night. Insomnia may have many different causes, such as stress and anxiety, aging, metabolic or hormonal diseases, medical conditions that cause pain or discomfort, side effect of some drugs, amongst others.
Insomnia can be temporary (sleeping problems last for a few days or weeks) or chronic (insomnia lasts for months or years).
The lack of sleep at night may cause problems with carrying out everyday tasks and a lack of concentration, daytime sleepiness, fatigue, irritability and disorientation.
We will talk more about sleep problems, their causes and their treatments (sleep aids and sleep remedies) in future articles.
The problems of excessive sleepiness or fatigue during the day are grouped in this category. In this case, people have trouble staying awake during the day or they suffer from fatigue despite having slept enough hours.
This daytime sleepiness or fatigue can have very different causes such as viral infections (like mononucleosis), hypothyroidism, sleep apnea or narcolepsy (which causes interruptions in breathing during sleep).
When there is no cause for daytime sleepiness, this is called idiopathic hypersomnia.
It is the name given to a series of unusual behaviors that interrupt the sleep. Examples include nightmares, night terrors, sleep talking, sleepwalking, bruxism or teeth grinding. Some of these problems mainly affect children.
Trouble to maintain a regular sleep schedule.
When people are working in shifts or they frequently travel to different time zones, sleep disorders like irregular sleep-wake disorder, jet lag syndrome, or paradoxical insomnia, among others, may appear.