If you have trouble falling asleep or you wake up at night, the first thing you should do is find the cause of your sleep problems and try to solve them. Knowing the source of your sleep problems is the first step to sleeping normally again.
Insomnia is one of the most common problems of the elderly. Many people experience more trouble falling asleep as they age, and wake up frequently during the night, having less deep-sleep time.
The most common causes of insomnia are often emotional disorders that cause excessive anxiety, stress, worry or anguish. This emotional distress makes it difficult to sleep.
Psychiatric or psychological disorders.
In general, disorders such as anxiety or depression cause trouble sleeping.
Diseases that cause pain or physical discomfort.
Diseases that cause fever, pain or physical discomfort such as tingling, thrills or itching can also cause sleep problems.
Some of these diseases are:
- Cardiovascular disorders.
- Lung diseases: chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), asthma.
- Alimentary disorders: anorexia nervosa.
- Endocrine disorders: hyperthyroidism
- Neurological disorders: migraines, headaches, Parkinson’s disease, dementia, etc.
After surgery, patients may also have temporary trouble sleeping caused by pain or physical discomfort.
Poor sleep hygiene (irregular hours, shift work, long naps during the day, usage of mobile devices in bed …) negatively affect sleep.
Likewise, heavy dinners, smoking, or drinking beverages or stimulants near bedtime can cause sleep problems.
The physical conditions of the place of rest as the temperature of the room, state of the mattress, lighting or noise may also adversely affect sleep. Insomnia in these cases will stop when the circumstances that cause it are resolved.
Some medications can disrupt sleep: